In 1981, Hosni Mubarak was elected president for Egypt's republic. Mubarak came across as an unknown to the Egyptian people. Unlike former president Nasser, who led the Egyptians out of a chaos in 1952; Mubarak was just an elected man. Mubarak was a very inactive leader. He relied heavily upon The United States for aid. In addition to this, he rose taxes, and sentenced whoever spoke out against him to prison without a trial, as well as forcing many into poverty. The people of Egypt viewed Mubarak's decisions as a violation to their human rights. Similar to the 1952 revolution when the people protested to overthrow King Farouk, they protested to overthrow the regime and Mubarak himself. The difference is that protests in 1952 were by far different then they were in 2011. Anthony McDermott writes in his journal The World Today, “The rebellion of several thousand conscripts from the central security forces at the end of February was notable for the damage it caused, and the official casualty figures of 107 dead and 715 wounded. But of deeper significance for Mubarak was the political debt he incurred towards his Defence Minister, Field Marshal Abdel-Halim Abu Ghazala, through his efficient handling of the army in suppressing this revolt. ” that Mubarak warned the opposition groups against behaving in such a way that would lead to a 'a state of anarchy and chaos' . His statement that “I dread to think of alternatives to democracy . . . they are frightful and serious and I hope I do not have to resort to them”. Unfortunately for Mubrarak and the government, he had to resort to these ways. Eventually Mubarak released a statement saying he would not re-run for election. This had the opposite effect Mubarak was hoping for. This made everything worse, as protests became violent. The people now saw Mubarak as a traitor for leading them into corruption, and leaving them to figure out their country's issues themselves. On January 25th, 2011, Millions took to the streets in Egypt's capital city; Cairo, and targeted Mubarak and his government. This was known as the "Day of Revolt". Police forces weren't directly ordered to protect the city until 3 days later when people began robbing stores and other people, burning buildings, releasing prisoners, and much more. As the days went by, American and Egyptian police forces struggled to contain the absolute chaos occurring in their home city. People attacked police, and police forces were forced to fire their guns on anyone who threatened them. Armored tanks were deployed, and the heart of Egypt's capital city was an all out war-zone.
On February 11th, 2011, Mubarak resigned. People celebrated all across Egypt. Egypt began its recovery. People were ordered to clean up the city, and it took a full year to completely repair all the damage. In 2012, Egypt's new and current president, Muhamed Morsi was elected into office. Below are important quotes in President Mubarak's resignation speech.
· "I talk to you during critical times that are testing Egypt and its people which could sweep them into the unknown. The country is passing through difficult times and tough experiences which began with noble youths and citizens who practise their rights to peaceful demonstrations and protests, expressing their concerns and aspirations but they were quickly exploited by those who sought to spread chaos and violence, confrontation and to violate the constitutional legitimacy and to attack it”
· "Those protests were transformed from a noble and civilized phenomenon of practicing freedom of expression to unfortunate clashes, mobilized and controlled by political forces that wanted to escalate and worsen the situation. They targeted the nation's security and stability through acts of provocation theft and looting and setting fires and blocking roads and attacking vital installations and public and private properties and storming some diplomatic missions”,
· "I have never, ever been seeking power and the people know the difficult circumstances that I shouldered my responsibility and what I offered this country in war and peace, just as I am a man from the armed forces and it is not in my nature to betray the trust or give up my responsibilities and duties.My primary responsibility now is security and independence of the nation to ensure a peaceful transfer of power in circumstances that protect Egypt and the Egyptians and allow handing over responsibility to whoever the people choose in the coming presidential election”
· "The nation remains. Visitors come and go but ancient Egypt will remain eternal, its banner and safekeeping will pass from one generation to the next. It is up to us to ensure this in pride and dignity” Below is a YouTube Video showing captured live footage of protests in Egypt :